Notizie

 

EFSA: an update on the Epidemiological situation of African swine fever in Europe

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published an update on the epidemiological situation of African swine fever (ASF) in Europe.

In the latest report, experts assess the effectiveness of different measures that can be taken when a case of ASF is detected in an area that was previously disease-free and is far from affected areas.

Using a simulation model, they concluded that early detection, coupled with the application of measures such as quick removal of carcasses and intensive hunting in the specially designated hunting areas,
increases the probability of eradication. They also observed seasonal peaks in the numbers of animals that tested positive and were found dead -- summer and winter for wild boar and summer for domestic pigs.

The report calls for more research to understand the causes of the introduction of ASF in pig holdings and how this can be prevented. It also recommends control options for different scenarios such as in non-affected areas close to or far away from affected areas or where the disease has been present for more than one year.

The document can be downloaded:

https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5494

13 dicembre 2018

 

Human case of rabies in UK

29 novembre 2018

 

Technical report by ECDC on the monitoring the use of the whole genome-sequencing in infectious disease surveillance in Europe (2015-2017)

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has recently published a technical report regarding the Monitoring the use of the whole genome-sequencing in infectious disease surveillance in Europe (2015-2017).

 

The results of the survey presented in this report showed that by mid-2017 the vast majority of national public health reference laboratories in EU/EEA countries had access to whole genome sequencing based typing of diverse microbial pathogens for investigations of infection and drug resistance transmission.

 

Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) provides higher resolution and accuracy than classical molecular typing methods contributing to a better understanding of infectious disease and drug resistance transmission patterns and thereby improving the effectiveness of interventions for their control.

 

Despite these advantages, challenges with the costs and lack of expertise may limit its use by public health laboratories

 

Reference

https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/monitoring-use-whole-genome-sequencing-infectious-disease-surveillance-europe

26 ottobre 2018

 

 
 
 

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